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2011 Cessna C182 Model History RSV free Training Manuals

Models and  Differences

As detailed on the previous page, the Cessna 182 model had a number of type variants during its production history. Additionally there are a number of post- manufacture modifications available for the airframe, instruments/avionics equipment and electrics.

As detailed on the previous page, the Cessna 182 model had a number of type variants during its production history. Additionally there are a number of post- manufacture modifications available for the airframe, instruments/avionics equipment and electrics.

All speeds have been converted to knots and rounded up to the nearest 5kts. Generally multiple provision of figures can lead to confusion for memory items and this application is safer for practical use during conversion training.

During practical training reference should be made to the flight manual of the aeroplane you will be flying to ensure that the limitations applicable for that aeroplane are adhered to. Likewise when flying different models it should always be remembered that MAUW, flap limitations, engine limitations and speeds may vary from model to model. Before flying different models, particularly if maximum performance is required, the AFM should be consulted to verify differences.

Model  History

We provide the following information to outline significant differences from an operational perspective. A detailed history is provided in the table following and in subsequent chapters.

C182

The early model C182 had the same fuselage as the C180 (“straight back”), without the rear window.

The  main  operational  differences  of the  C182  are summarised  here:

  • manualflap  lever and the  limitation  of lOOmph  (87kts)   for all  flap  selections
  • lowermaximum  all  up weight (2550lbs)

Various minor airframe changes were made to gradually bring about the more commonly known version of the C182 including:

  • C182AWeight increased  to  2650lbs;
  • C182CThird  window on  cabin,  swept tail;
  • C182EWrap   around   rear  window,   re-profiled   cowlings,   improved   fairings, electric  flaps,  weight  increased  to  2800lbs,  flap  limits  increased  to   llOmph(95kts),  optional  8-USGal  fuel tanks;

The addition of the rear window, and swept tail, and later cowling and fairing modifications were mainly responsible for the present appearance of the C182.

  • C182LPreselect flap control,  first  10  degrees  increased  to  160mph  (140kts);
  • C182NMaximum  takeoff weight increased to  2950lbs;
  • C182PTubular   steel   undercarriage   increasing   landing   weight   to   2950lbs,

enlarged  fin;

  • C182QMaximum   rpm   reduced  to  2400  with  0-470U  designed  for  100/130 fuel,  vernier  mixture  control  standard,  electrical  system  changed  to  28V  and bladder tanks  replaced  with  integral tanks with  a  higher standard  fuel  capacity of 88USGal;
  • C182RTakeoff  weight  increased  to  3100,  20  degrees  flap  limit  increased  to 120kts;
  • C182SFuel  injection,  first  10  degrees  increased  to  lOOkts,  annunciator panel, or optional  GIOOO  avionics;
  • C182TGIOOO avionics  now  standard  equipment.

Major performance options were offered  in the  late  1970’s  including:

C182RG (R182′). 1977-1986

Retractable version  of the  Skylane,  improved  speed  but added  responsibility.

T182RG and T182. 1979-1986

235hp  turbo  charged  version,  service  ceiling  20,000  (with  oxygen!),  added  power, added  maintenance,  increase  in  MAUW to  3100lbs.

When  Cessna  resumed  production  of it’s  single  engine  range  in  the  90’s,  a  new  and improved  C182S was available.

C182S. C182T. T182T 1997 on

If you are lucky enough to find one of these it is really a dream to operate. After the recovery from public liability suits and the 80’s recession, the C182 received upgraded systems and equipment to produce the same proven design with the latest accessories and support.

Significant differences  include:

  • I0540fuel  injected  engine,  providing  230hp at 2400rpm;
  • FullIFR avionics as standard  installation  including  auto  pilot;
  • Warningand  caution  annunciator panel  indications  or optional  GIOOO  avionics suite;

 

The S and T have slightly lower load carrying capacity than earlier models due mainly to avionics installations, and the fuel injected system, although alleviating carburettor problems, can be quite complicated for the inexperienced pilot and differences training is highly recommended.

Reims F182

Like all Reims productions we have to admit this model is also an excellent version. Only 169 aircraft were produced.

Significant differences  include:

  • Lowerstall  speeds,  similar to  STOL equipped  C182s;
  • Slightlyhigher cruise speeds;
  • Differentairframe  manufacturing  processes.

 

Robertson STOL kits

Additions of Robertson STOL Kits (Sierra Industries) to the C182 produce remarkable short field performance and stall speeds that approach that of a 152, however without any significant increase drag in the cruise. It is an impressive modification, however must be taken carefully if you wish to use it to its limits. Care should be taken at low speed where operating near the wrong side of the drag curve, particularly when at MAUW and with high density altitudes.

Model  History Versus  Serial  Number

Model Name Year Starting

Serial

Number

Significant Changes
C182 1956 18233000 2550lbs   maximum   weight,   Continental

0470-L    engine    developing    230hp    at

2600rpm,  14V electrical  system.

C182A Skylane for

deluxe

version

only

1957 18233843 2650lbs     maximum     weight,     increase

from    60    to    65USgal    fuel    capacity,

useable  fuel  remains  at  55USgal.  Some

minor   improvements   to   the   airframe

and        fittings         including         modified

instrument   panel   layout.   Electrical   fuel

gagues   and   low   voltage   warning   light

standard.

1958 18234754-

34999

Skylane    name    introduced    for    deluxe

model.    Exhaust    moved    for    improved

18251001 cooling,    rudder    linkages    changed    to

bungee  type,  and  improved  instrument

lighting.

C182B 1959 18251557 Cowl  flaps added.
C182C 1960 18252359 Tail  fin  and  rudder  changed  to  a    swept

tail  shape  and  third   cabin  side  window

added  on  each  side.  Flush  caps  replaced

with    standard    raised    grip    fuel    caps.

Minor  interior  changes  including   plastic

control  wheel  grip,  and   major  changes

to    fuselage    and    cowling    designs    to

improve  maintenance.

Model Name Year Starting

Serial

Number

Significant Changes
C182D 1961 18253008* The last of the ‘straight back’ models,the instrument panel layout improved,with the artificial horizon in a more direct line of sight from the left seat,cowling fastenings changed to quick release type. pull starter replaced by key starter.

C182F C182  or

Skylane

1963 18254424 Optional   autopilot   available.   Improved

overhead  instrument lighting.

C182G 1964 18255059 One  piece  rear  window  fitted,  aft  cabin

windows  enlarged.

C182H 1965 55845 Pointed  spinner replaces  rounded  shape.

Horizontal  stabiliser  and  elevator  width

increased.  One  piece front windshield.

C182J 1966 56685 Rotary  door latches fitted,  larger cowl

access  panel  provided  for easier

maintenance.

Model Name Year Starting

Serial

Number

Significant Changes
C182K   1967 57626 An  alternator  replaces  the  generator  for

electrical  power supply.

C182L   1968 58506 Flap toggle switch  replaced  by a “pre¬

select” lever and  floating  arm  indicator,

flap  limiting  speed  on  first  10  degrees

increased  to  160mph  (140kts).  AH

moved  to  central  position, to  resemble

later more  ergonomic instrument panel

configurations.  Sump fuel  stainer control

moved  from  instrument panel to  beside

oil  dipstick.

A182J Argentine 1966 A182-001 Argentinian  built models.
A182K C182 1967 A182-057  
A182L   1968 A182-097  on  
C182M C182  or 1969 18259306 Generator output increased  to  60 Amps.
C182N Skylane 1970 18260056 Maximum   takeoff   weight   increased   to

2950lbs,       landing       weight       remains

2800lbs.    Split    rocker    master    switch

installed      to      isolate      battery      from

alternator.

C182N   1971 18260446 Shoulder   harnesses   standard    in   front

seats,   80lbs   baggage   permitted   in   aft

compartment,  total  still  120lbs.

C182P C182  or

Skylane

1972 18260826 Flat    spring    steel    main    landing    gear

struts     replaced     with     tubular     steel.

Landing  weight  increased  to  2950lbs  to

match   takeoff   weight.   Baggage   in   aft

compartment  now  total   200lbs  (120   in

forward    part   and    80    in    aft    part   of

compartment).    Landing    lights    shifted

from   wing   to   nose   cowling.       Engine

gauge  markings  relabelled  with  arcs  for

improved     ergonomics.     High     voltage

sensor  and  ‘High  Voltage’  warning  light

replaces the  generator warning  light.

    1973 18261426 Factory  installed  avionics  upgraded  from

100  channel to  200  channel.

    1974 18262466 Door    handles    now    close    flush    with

armrest in  locked  position.

 

Model Name Year Starting

Serial

Number

Significant Changes
    1975 18263476 Engine  changed  to  0-470-S.   Improved

cowling    and    fairing    design    increases

reported    cruise    speed    approximately

5kts.  Lower profile  glareshield.

C182 Skylane

only

1976 18264296 Airspeed  indicator  changed  from  mph  to

kts,   flap   limit  placards   converted   from

llOmph to  95kts.  Optional  electric trim.

F182P Reims 1976 F1820001-

F1820025

Built  by  Reims  in  France
A182M Argentine 1969 Not assigned Argentinian  built models.
A182N C182 1970 A1820117-

A182136

 
A182N   1971 Not assigned  
A182N   1972 Not assigned  
A182N AMC182 1973 A1820137-

A182146

 
A182N   1974-

1976

Not assigned  
C182Q Skylane or

Skylane II

1977 18265176-

18265965

Changed    to    Avgas     100/130     engine

design      with      Continental      0-470-U,

developing        230hp        at        2400rpm,

maximum    rpm    reduced    primarily    for

noise,    but   also   a    reported    improved

climb     performance.     Vernier     mixture

control  now  standard.

C182Q   1978 18265966-

18266590

&18263479

Electrical  system  changed  from  14 to  28

Volts,   battery   capacity   24V,   12.75   or

15.5    amp-hr.    Engine    configured    for

Avgas      lOOLL/100.      Avionics     master

switch         installed.         Window         latch

redesigned    to    sit   flush    with    window

indent.

C182Q   1979 18266591-

18267300

Integral  fuel tank replaces  bladder tank

and  capacity  increased  to  92USgal,

88USgal  usable.  Alternator control  unit

changed to  integral  unit,  and  ‘HIGH

VOLTAGE’  warning  light relabelled  ‘LOW

VOLTAGE’.

Model Name Year Starting

Serial

Number

Significant Changes
C182Q   1980 18267301,

18267302-

18267715

New  audio  panel  with  marker  beacons.

A   pull   type   alternator   circuit   breaker

fitted.

F182P Reims/

Cessna

Skylane/II

1977 F18200026-

F18200064

Built  by  Reims  in  France.
F182Q F Skylane 1978 F18200065-

F18200094

F182Q F Skylane

II

1979 F18200095-

F18200129

F182Q   1980 F18200130-

F18200169

C182R

/T182

Skylane or

Turbo

Skylane/

Skylane    II

or

Turbo

Skylane 11/

Skylane or

Turbo

Skylane

-With

Value

Group A

1981 18267716-

18268055

&18267302

Maximum   weight   increased   to   3100lbs

for    takeoff,     landing    weight    remains

2950lbs.  Introduction  of  optional  turbo-

charged   engine   with   designator  T182.

Door   latch    redesigned    to    include   an

upper latching  pin.

1982 118268056  
1983 18268294 Low Vacuum  warning  light fitted,  flap

speed  for 20  degrees  increased to

120kts.

1984 18268369 Rear shoulder harnesses standard.
1985 18268434  
1986 18268542-

18268586

 
R182/

TR182

Skylane

RG

1978-

1986

R18200002-

R18202039

Retractable         version         and         turbo

retractable   version,   with   Lycoming   0-

540-J3C5D,  235hp at 2400rpm.

Note  1:  Unlike  most  Cessna’s  which  have  the  suffic  RG  to  designate  retractable,

Cessna  termed  the  retractable  version  of the  Cessna  182  “R182″,  unfortunately

this is  easily confused  with  the  C182R  and also  can  be  confused  with  terminology

used  to  designate  the  CI 72  military  and  Hawk XP  version  -  “R172″  which  is  not

retractable.  In  this text the term  C182RG has been  used to refer to the retractable

version  to avoid confusion.

Model Name Year Starting

Serial

Number

Significant Changes
182S Skylane 1997-

2001

18280001 Engine   changed   to   Lycoming   IO-540-

AB1A5,      fuel       injected,       230hp      at

2400rpm,       dual       vacuum       system,

annunciator   panel    or   optional    GIOOO

avionics.       Maximum       ramp       weight

increased     to     3110Lbs,     takeoff    and

landing    remain    unchanged.    First    10

degrees flap  limit increased to  lOOkts.

182T Skylane 2001

on

18280945 Minor   modifications   to   engine   cowling,

wheel  fairings  and  step.  GIOOO  avionics

now standard  equipment.

T182T Skylane TC 2001

on

T18208001 Lycoming     TI0540-AK1A,     turbo,     fuel

injected,   235hp   at   2400rpm,   4   place

oxygen  system.

Note  2:   The  designator  T182/TR182   was  given  to  models  from  1978  on   which

were  fitted  with  a  turbocharger,  again  this  should not be  confused  with  the  later

design  C182T which is normally aspirated.

Common  Modifications Table

There are over 500 STCs on the C182, it would not be useful to list them all here. This table attempts to identify a few of the more commonly used and more widely beneficial modifications available.

TYPE NAME and

MANUFACTURER

DIFFERENCES and FEATURES
Any Air Research

Technology  Inc STOL

kit

Increases weight to  2950,  useful  on  older models,

extends the wing  by  37  inches,  which  also

increases  performance.

Any Ski’s/Floats

(Various)

C182s  (unlike the  less suitable C172)

unfortunately  never had  a  factory float plane

option  available,  however a  number of STCs are

available for full  conversion  to  seaplane operation.

  Flight  Bonus  speed

kit  (available from

Norton  STOLcraft)

Reported to  improve  cruise  speed  12-18kts.
Any Drag  reduction  kits

(Various)

Various  –  normally  involving  speed  fairings to

reduce form  drag,  there are various drag  reduction

kits available to  improve cruise speeds.

TYPE NAME and

MANUFACTURER

DIFFERENCES and FEATURES
  Engine  Modifications,

(Various)

Various  engine  refits are available, the  most

common  being  the I0470,  I0520,  and  I0550

engines,  for improved  performance.  All these also

being  fuel  injected,  additionally address

carburettor and  carb-ice  issues.

Any Morton  STOL Tip and  wing  surface  modifications to  permit lower

stall  speed,  take-off and  landing  speeds and  thus

lower distances.

Any Robertson  STOL Increased  lift,  more speed,  added  stability,  and

lower stall  speed,  take-off and  landing   speeds and

distances.

Any Vortex Generators

(Micro Aerodynamics)

Reduction  in  surface  drag  and  induced  drag,

improving  boundary  layer adherence,  and

decreasing  stall  speed,  improved  performance.

Note: All manufacturers of performance related modifications will have full

information available on  the increases projected from  the kit,  in  terms of speed,

takeoff and landing,  fuel burn,  and climb enhancements.  It is recommended that

these figures be reviewed carefully in  terms of desire attributes.

Aircraft fitted with performance modifications must have POH supplements

indicating difference -  these supplements must referred to in  the relevant main

sections of the POH where applicable.

Any Low  Fuel  Warning

System,

0  & N  Aircraft

Modifications

Warns when  fuel  remaining  is  less than

approximately 7USGal  for older models  (restarts

have a  low fuel  warning  system).

Any Fuel  Cap  Monarch Air Umbrella  style fuel  caps which  fix  problems with

leaks,  predominantly  occurring  in  older flush

mounted   caps,  (available for most Cessna types)

1956-76

engines

only

Autogas  modification,

Various

Engine  modification  to  permit operation  on  autogas

(available to  engines were  certified  for operation

with  80/87  octane,  1976  and  prior). There  is an

increased tendency for carb  icing  and  fuel

vaporisation,  and  a  slight  power reduction,  but

Autogas  can  provide  much  lower costs and

convenience  in  many countries

Early  Model  Straight-back/no Swept Tail  C182

C182RG  Skylane with  Rear Window

Related files:

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