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2011 Cessna C206 C205 Model History RSV free Training Manuals

History

The Cessna aircraft company has a long and rich history. Founder Clyde Cessna built his first aeroplane in 1911, and taught himself to fly it! He went on to build a number of innovative aeroplanes, including several race and award winning designs.

In 1934, Clyde’s nephew, Dwane Wallace, fresh out of college, took over as head of the company. During the depression years Dwane acted as everything from floor sweeper to CEO, even personally flying company planes in air races (several of which he won!). Under Wallace’s leadership, the Cessna Aircraft Company eventually became the most successful general aviation company of all time.

The Cessna 205, 206, and 207, known variously as the Super Skywagon, Super Skylane and Stationair, are a family of single engine, general aviation aircraft with fixed landing gear and may be used in commercial air service or for personal use. The family was originally developed from the popular retractable-gear Cessna 210.

The Cessna 206 family is best known for the powerful engine, rugged construction, large cabin and loading capacity. These features have made the aircraft popular ‘bush planes’ and for aerial work such as skydiving or photography, they can also be equipped with amphibious floats and skis. The combined total number of Cessna 205, 206 and 207 produced so far is over 8500.

Cessna  205

In its initial form the 205 (originally 210-5) was essentially a fixed undercarriage derivative of the 210 Centurion. Although designated as a 1963 model the 205 was introduced to the Cessna lineup late in 1962, followed by the C205A in 1964

The C205 is powered by the same 260hp IO-470 engine as the 210B and featured an additional small cargo door on the left side of the fuselage.

The 205 retained the early 210’s engine cowling bulge, originally where the 210 stowed its nose wheel on retraction (the space where the nose wheel would have retracted was used for radio equipment in the 205). This distinctive cowling was made more streamlined on the later Cessna 206. There were only 577 Cessna 205’s produced, before being replaced by the popular Cessna 206.

Cessna  206

The six-seat Cessna 206 was introduced as a 1964 model and was built until 1986, when Cessna halted production of its single-engine product. It was then re-introduced in 1998 and remains in production at the time of publication. The total number of Cessna 206’s produced is now over 6500.

Unlike the C210, from which it is based, the C206 has had relatively few changes over the years. The main changes include the engine (1964 and 1998), electrical system (1965 and 1973) and maximum weight (1967).

Cessna  U206

The original 1964 model was the U206, powered by a 285hp Continental 10- 520-A. The “U” designation indicated “utility” and this model was equipped with a pilot side door and two opposing rear doors, permitting more convenient access to the back two rows of seats, and permitting easy loading of over-sized cargo.

 

The TU206 offered a turbocharged version of the U206, powered by the Continental TSIO-520-C engine producing 285hp. In 1967 the turbo TU206 was powered by a TSIO-520-F providing 300hp. The additional 15hp was available at a higher rpm, but was limited to 5 minutes for takeoff and produced a significant noise penalty.

From 1964 to 1969 the U206 was known as the “Super Skywagon”. From 1970 it was named the “Stationair”, a contraction of “Station Wagon of the Air”, which is a good description of the aircraft’s intended role.

In 1977 the U206 had its engine upgraded to a Continental IO-520-F of 300 hp (continuous rating, obtained at a more reasonable rpm speed than the previous IO-520-F) and the TU206 engine was changed to the TSIO-520-M producing 310hp.

Production of all versions of the U206 was halted in 1986 when Cessna stopped manufacturing all piston engine aircraft. A total of 5208 U206’s had been produced.

Cessna  P206

1965 saw the P206 added to the line. In this case the “P” stood for “people”, as the P206 had passenger doors on both sides, similar to the Cessna 210 from which it originated.

1965 saw the P206 added to the line. In this case the “P” stood for “people”, as the P206 had passenger doors on both sides, similar to the Cessna 210 from which it originated.

647 P206’s were produced under the name “Super Skylane” which incorrectly made it sound like a version of the Cessna 182.

Cessna  206H

After a production break of twelve years, Cessna started manufacturing a new version of the 206 in 1998, with the introduction of the 206H. The “H” model is generally similar to the previous U206 configuration, with a pilot entry door and double rear doors for access to the middle and back seats. The C206H is marketed under the name “Stationair”, and Cessna aptly portrays it as the “Sport Utility Vehicle of the air”.

The 206H is powered by a Lycoming IO-540-AC1A powerplant producing 300hp. The turbocharged T206H is powered by a Lycoming TSIO-540-AJ1A engine of 310hp.

Both the 206H and the T206H remain in production in 2008. By the end of 2004 Cessna had produced 221 206H’s and 505 T206H’s, for a total production of 726 “H” models.

Cessna  207

The Model 207 was a seven and later eight seat development of the 206, achieved by stretching the design further to allow space for more seats. The nose section was extended 18″ by adding a constant-section nose baggage compartment between the passenger compartment and the engine firewall; the aft section was extended by 44″ by inserting a constant-area section in the fuselage area just aft of the aft wing attach point. Thus the propeller’s ground clearance was unaffected by the change (the nose wheel had moved forward the same distance as the propeller), but the tail moved aft relative to the main wheel position, which made landing (without striking the tail skid on the runway) a greater challenge. The move gave that aircraft a larger turning radius, since the distance between main wheels and nose wheel increased by 18 inches but the nose wheel’s maximum allowed deflection was not increased.

The 207 was introduced as a 1969 model featuring a Continental IO-520-F engine of 300hp. A turbocharged version was equipped with a TSIO-520-G of the same output.

At the beginning of production the model was called a Cessna 207 “Skywagon”, but in 1977 the name was changed to “Stationair 7″. 1977 also saw a change in engine on the turbocharged version to a Continental TSIO- 520-M producing 310hp – the same engine used in the TU206 of the same vintage.

The 207 added a seat in 1980 and was then known as the “Stationair 8″. Production of the 207 was completed in 1984, just two years before U206 production halted. A total of 788 Cessna 207’s were manufactured.

The Cessna Model 207 has been popular with air taxi companies, particularly on short runs where its full seating capacity could be used. Very few of these aircraft have seen private use.

Models Differences Table

A brief outline of the models by year with major changes is outlined in the table below.

During practical training, reference should be made to the flight manual of the aeroplane you will be flying to ensure that the limitations applicable for that aeroplane are adhered to. Likewise when flying different models it should always be remembered that MAUW, flap limitations, engine limitations and speeds may vary between models and with modifications. Before flying different models, particularly if maximum performance is required, the POH of the aircraft you are flying should be reviewed to verify differences.

TYPE NAME YEAR MODEL MAJOR

DIFFERENCES

C205   1963 205  0001-0480 3300lbs  maximum

takeoff weight,

I0470  engine;

essentially a

C210B with  fixed

gear and  electric

flap

C205A   1964 205  0481-0577
C206 Super Skywagon 1964 206  0001-0275 Engine  changed  to

I0520

U206 Super Skywagon

(Utility  Cargo  Door)

1965 206  0276-0437 First cargo  door

version,

14V Alternator

replaces

Generator

P206 Super Skywagon

(Passenger Door)

1965 P206  0001-0160 First C206 to

come out with  6

seats as a

standard  (not

optional)  fitting

P206 Super Skylane 1965

 

TYPE NAME YEAR MODEL MAJOR

DIFFERENCES

U206A Super Skywagon

(Utility  Cargo  Door)

1966 U206 0438-0656 Maximum  takeoff

weight increased

to  3600lbs

U206B 1967 U206 0657-0914  
U206C 1968 U206 0915  
TU206A Turbo-System  Super

Skywagon  (Utility

Cargo  Door)

1966 U206 0438-0656  
TU206B 1967 U206 0657-0914  
TU206 1968 U206 0915  
P206A Super Skylane 1966 P206  0161-0306  
TP206A Turbo-System  Super

Skylane

1966 P206  0161-0306  
P206A Super Skylane 1966 P206  0161-0306  
P206B 1967 P206  0307-0419  
P206C 1968 P206-0420  
TP206A Turbo-System  Super

Skylane

1966 P206  0161-0306  
TP206B 1967 P206  0307-0419  
TP206C 1968 P206-0420  
TU206D

U206D

Super Skywagon

Turbo-System  Super

Skywagon

1969 U206-1235

U206-1444

 
P206D

TP206D

Super Skylane

Turbo-System  Super

Skylane

1969 P206-0520

P206-0603

 
U206E Super Skywagon 1970 U20601445-

U20601587

 
TU206E Turbo-System  Super

Skywagon

1970  
P206E Super Skylane 1970 P20600604-647  
TP206E Turbo-System  Super

Skylane

1970 P20600604-647  
U206E Stationair

Turbo  Stationair

1971 U20601588-1700  
U206F Stationair

Turbo  Stationair

1972 U20601701-1874 Flap toggle switch

changed to  pre¬

select lever

1973 U20601875-2199 12V battery

changed to  24V

Modifications

Common modifications include the famous cargo pod, floats, most of the common STOL kits (eg. Robertson and Sportsman), additional fuel tanks and various engine modifications including a turbine version. Details on common modifications available are outlined in the table on the following page.

At present there is no ‘RG’ (retractable gear) version of the C206, as offered with the 100 series Cessnas This is presumably because of the similarity and success of the retractable C210 on which the C206 was based.

Common  Modification’s  Table

TYPE NAME and

MANUFACTURER

DIFFERENCES and FEATURES
Any Cargo  Pod (Various)  Extra  cargo/luggage  room,  small

speed  penalty                                                            |

Any Skis /  Floats (Various)                                                                     |
Any Soloy Turbine  Engine Installation,  418  SHP Allison

C20S  engine

Any Engine  Conversion,

Bonaire

Conversion to  I0550  engine,  300hp

maximum  continuous                                             |

Any Engine  Conversion,

Atlantic Aero

Conversion to  I0550  engine,  300hp

maximum  continuous                                             |

Any Low  Fuel  Warning

System,

0 & N  Aircraft

Modifications

Warns when  fuel  remaining  is less than

approximately  7USG

F,  G,  H Engine  Conversion,

Thielert

300  or 310hp V8  diesel  engine  installation
Any Fuel  Cap  Monarch Air Umbrella  style fuel  caps which  fix  problems

with  leaks,  predominantly occurring  in  older

flush  mounted   caps,  (available for most

Cessna types)                                                           |

Any Wing Tip Tanks,

Flint Aero

Two  auxiliary tip tanks of 16.5USG  in  each,

used  with  an  electrical  transfer pump to

each  main tank.  Higher MTOW  (3800lbs)  is

permitted  if tanks are  half full.  Wing  length

is also  increased  by  26  inches.                            |

Any Norton  STOL Tip  and  wing  surface  modifications to

permit lower   stall  speed, take-off and

landing  speeds and  distances                              |

Any Robertson  STOL Increased  lift,  more  speed,  added  stability,

and  lower stall  speed, take-off and  landing

speeds and  distances.  ?                                        |

Note: The table above is included for interest and awareness, as there are many C206s operating with the modifications installed, some modifications may no longer be available for installation.

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