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Ford Ranger, Explorer Mountaineer service repair manual

Table of Contents

HOW TO USE THIS BOOK
Introduction…………………………………………… 1
Where to Begin……………………………………… 1
Avoiding Trouble…………………………………… 1
Maintenance or Repair?………………………….. 1
Avoiding the Most Common Mistakes……… 2

TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT
Introduction…………………………………………… 3
Special Tools……………………………………….. 11

SERVICING YOUR VEHICLE SAFELY
Introduction…………………………………………. 13
Do’s……………………………………………………. 14
Don’ts…………………………………………………. 15

FASTENERS, MEASUREMENTS AND CONVERSIONS

Bolts, Nuts and Other Threaded Retainers. 17
Torque………………………………………………… 18
TORQUE WRENCHES………………….. 19
TORQUE ANGLE METERS………….. 20
Standard and Metric Measurements………… 21

SERIAL NUMBER IDENTIFICATION
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)……… 23
Vehicle Data………………………………………… 25
Safety Compliance Certification Label……. 28
Emission Calibration Label………………….. 29
Engine………………………………………………… 30
Transmission……………………………………….. 30
Transfer Case………………………………………. 30
Front Drive Axle………………………………….. 30
Rear Axle……………………………………………. 30

 

ROUTINE MAINTENANCE AND TUNE−UP.. 33
Introduction…………………………………………. 33
Air Cleaner (Element)………………………….. 40
-Fuel Filter……………………………………………. 43
-REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…….. 43
PCV Valve………………………………………….. 48
INSPECTION………………………………… 48
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…….. 49
Evaporative Canister…………………………….. 49
SERVICING………………………………….. 50
Battery………………………………………………… 50

Timing Belts ………………………. 50

INSPECTION………………………………… 68
CAMSHAFT TIMING INSPECTION 72
Hoses………………………………………………….. 72
INSPECTION………………………………… 72
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…….. 74
CV−Boots………………………………………….. 76
INSPECTION………………………………… 76
Spark Plugs…………………………………………. 77
SPARK PLUG HEAT RANGE……….. 78
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…….. 80
INSPECTION & GAPPING……………. 82
Spark Plug Wires…………………………………. 85
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…….. 85
TESTING……………………………………… 86
Distributor Cap and Rotor……………………… 88
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…….. 88
INSPECTION………………………………… 89
Ignition Timing……………………………………. 90
GENERAL INFORMATION………….. 90
INSPECTION & ADJUSTMENT……. 90
Valve Lash………………………………………….. 92
Idle Speed and Mixture Adjustments………. 92
Air Conditioning System………………………. 93
SYSTEM SERVICE & REPAIR……… 93
PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE……. 93
SYSTEM INSPECTION…………………. 94
Windshield Wipers………………………………. 94
ELEMENT (REFILL) CARE & REPLACEMENT……………………………………………………………. 95
Tires and Wheels………………………………….. 96
TIRE ROTATION………………………….. 97
TIRE DESIGN………………………………. 97
TIRE STORAGE……………………………. 99
INFLATION & INSPECTION………… 99

FLUIDS AND LUBRICANTS………………………. 103
Fluid Disposal……………………………………. 103
Oil and Fuel Recommendations……………. 103
ENGINE OIL………………………………. 103
FUEL………………………………………….. 105
OPERATION IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES…………………………………………………………………….. 105
Engine………………………………………………. 105
OIL LEVEL CHECK……………………. 105
OIL & FILTER CHANGE…………….. 107
Manual Transmission………………………….. 113
FLUID RECOMMENDATION……… 113
LEVEL CHECK…………………………… 113

ii
FLUIDS AND LUBRICANTS
DRAIN & REFILL……………………….. 113
Automatic Transmission……………………… 114
FLUID RECOMMENDATION……… 114
LEVEL CHECK…………………………… 114
DRAIN, PAN/FILTER SERVICE & REFILL…………………………………………………………………. 116
Transfer Case…………………………………….. 123
FLUID RECOMMENDATION……… 123
LEVEL CHECK…………………………… 123
DRAIN & REFILL……………………….. 125
Front and Rear Drive Axle…………………… 125
FLUID RECOMMENDATION……… 125
LEVEL CHECK…………………………… 126
DRAIN & REFILL……………………….. 128
Cooling System………………………………….. 131
FLUID RECOMMENDATIONS……. 132
INSPECTION………………………………. 132
DRAINING, FLUSHING & REFILLING……………………………………………………………………….. 136
Brake Master Cylinder………………………… 140
FLUID RECOMMENDATIONS……. 140
LEVEL CHECK…………………………… 140
Clutch Master Cylinder……………………….. 142
FLUID RECOMMENDATIONS……. 142
LEVEL CHECK…………………………… 142
Power Steering Pump Reservoir…………… 142
FLUID RECOMMENDATIONS……. 142
LEVEL CHECK…………………………… 143
Manual Steering Gear…………………………. 144
Chassis Greasing………………………………… 144
Body Lubrication……………………………….. 145
HOOD/DOOR LATCH & HINGES.. 145
LOCK CYLINDERS…………………….. 145
DOOR WEATHERSTRIPPING…….. 145
THROTTLE VALVE (TV) & KICKDOWN LINKAGE…………………………………………………… 145
Wheel Bearings………………………………….. 145
REPACKING………………………………. 146

TOWING THE VEHICLE…………………………… 151
General Recommendations…………………. 151
Trailer Weight…………………………………… 151
Hitch (Tongue) Weight………………………. 151
Oil Cooler………………………………………… 152
TRANSMISSION………………………… 152
Handling a Trailer……………………………… 152
Towing the Vehicle……………………………. 152

JUMP STARTING A DEAD BATTERY………. 155
Introduction……………………………………….. 155
Jump Starting Precautions…………………… 155
Jump Starting Procedure……………………… 156

iii
JACKING……………………………………………………. 159

SPECIFICATION CHARTS………………………… 163

DISTRIBUTOR IGNITION SYSTEM………….. 169
General Information……………………………. 169
SYSTEM OPERATION………………… 170
Diagnosis and Testing…………………………. 171
SERVICE PRECAUTIONS…………… 171
PRELIMINARY CHECKS……………. 171
TEST PROCEDURES………………….. 171
Ignition Coil………………………………………. 177
TESTING……………………………………. 177
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 180
Ignition Control Module (ICM)……………. 180
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 180
Distributor…………………………………………. 182
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 182
Camshaft Position (CMP) Sensor…………. 184

DISTRIBUTORLESS IGNITION SYSTEM…. 185
General Information……………………………. 185
SYSTEM OPERATION………………… 185
Diagnosis and Testing…………………………. 187
SERVICE PRECAUTIONS…………… 187
PRELIMINARY CHECKS……………. 187
GENERAL SYSTEM TEST………….. 187
Ignition Coil Pack(s)…………………………… 199
TESTING……………………………………. 199
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 201
Ignition Control Module (ICM)……………. 207
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 207
Camshaft Position (CMP) and Crankshaft Position (CKP) Sensors…………………………………………… 209

FIRING ORDERS……………………………………….. 211

CHARGING SYSTEM…………………………………. 217
General Information……………………………. 217
Alternator Precautions………………………… 218
Alternator………………………………………….. 219
TESTING……………………………………. 219
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 220
Voltage Regulator………………………………. 223
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 223

STARTING SYSTEM………………………………….. 227
General Information……………………………. 227
Starter……………………………………………….. 229
TESTING……………………………………. 229
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 230
RELAY REPLACEMENT…………….. 232
iv
SENDING UNITS………………………………………… 237
Introduction……………………………………….. 237
Coolant Temperature Sender……………….. 237
TESTING……………………………………. 237
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 239
Oil Pressure Sender and Switch……………. 241
TESTING……………………………………. 241
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 243
Low Oil Level Sensor…………………………. 245
TESTING……………………………………. 245
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 246

SPECIFICATION CHARTS………………………… 249

ENGINE MECHANICAL…………………………….. 251
Engine………………………………………………. 251
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 251
Valve Rocker Arm Cover……………………. 258
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 258
Rocker Arms……………………………………… 269
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 269
Rocker Arm Shaft Assembly……………….. 271
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 271
DISASSEMBLY & REASSEMBLY. 274
Thermostat………………………………………… 274
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 274
Intake Manifold………………………………….. 280
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 280
Exhaust Manifold……………………………….. 305
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 305
Radiator…………………………………………….. 314
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 314
Engine Fan………………………………………… 318
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 318
Water Pump………………………………………. 323
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 324
Cylinder Head……………………………………. 334
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 334
Oil Pan……………………………………………… 356
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 356
Oil Pump…………………………………………… 364
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 365
Crankshaft Damper…………………………….. 370
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 370
Timing Belt and Cover……………………….. 372
TROUBLESHOOTING………………… 372
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 372
Timing Chain Cover & Oil Seal…………… 375
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 375
Timing Chain and Gears……………………… 387
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 387
TIMING CHAIN DEFLECTION…… 407

v
ENGINE MECHANICAL
Camshaft and Auxiliary Shaft Sprockets and Seals…………………………………………………………………. 408
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 408
Camshafts, Bearings and Lifters…………… 408
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 408
INSPECTION………………………………. 421
BEARING REMOVAL & INSTALLATION………………………………………………………………….. 424
Auxiliary Shaft…………………………………… 427
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 427
Rear Main Oil Seal……………………………… 429
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 429
Flywheel and Ring Gear……………………… 431
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 431

EXHAUST SYSTEM……………………………………. 437
REPLACEMENT………………………………. 440

ENGINE RECONDITIONING…………………….. 443
Determining Engine Condition…………….. 443
COMPRESSION TEST………………… 443
OIL PRESSURE TEST…………………. 444
Buy or Rebuild?…………………………………. 445
Engine Overhaul Tips…………………………. 445
TOOLS……………………………………….. 446
OVERHAUL TIPS……………………….. 446
CLEANING…………………………………. 447
REPAIRING DAMAGED THREADS……………………………………………………………………………. 449
Engine Preparation……………………………… 451
Cylinder Head……………………………………. 452
DISASSEMBLY………………………….. 453
INSPECTION………………………………. 464
REFINISHING & REPAIRING…….. 468
ASSEMBLY………………………………… 471
Engine Block……………………………………… 471
GENERAL INFORMATION………… 472
DISASSEMBLY………………………….. 472
INSPECTION………………………………. 475
REFINISHING…………………………….. 478
ASSEMBLY………………………………… 480
Engine Start−up and Break−in……………… 486
STARTING THE ENGINE……………. 486
BREAKING IT IN……………………….. 487
KEEP IT MAINTAINED………………. 487

SPECIFICATION CHARTS………………………… 489

EMISSION CONTROLS……………………………… 511
Positive Crankcase Ventilation (PCV) System……………………………………………………………………….. 511
OPERATION………………………………. 511
TESTING……………………………………. 511
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 512
Evaporative Emission Control System….. 515

vi
EMISSION CONTROLS
OPERATION………………………………. 515
COMPONENT TESTING…………….. 516
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 523
Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) System…………………………………………………………………………….. 524
OPERATION………………………………. 524
COMPONENT TESTING…………….. 525
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 529

ELECTRONIC ENGINE CONTROLS………… 533
Electronic Engine Control (EEC)…………. 533
Powertrain Control Module (PCM)………. 533
OPERATION………………………………. 533
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 534
Heated Oxygen Sensors (HO2S)………….. 537
OPERATION………………………………. 537
TESTING……………………………………. 538
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 539
Idle Air Control (IAC) Valve……………….. 540
OPERATION………………………………. 540
TESTING……………………………………. 540
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 541
Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) Sensor…………………………………………………………………………… 542
OPERATION………………………………. 542
TESTING……………………………………. 543
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 544
Intake Air Temperature (IAT) Sensor……. 545
OPERATION………………………………. 545
TESTING……………………………………. 545
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 545
Mass Air Flow (MAF) Sensor……………… 546
OPERATION………………………………. 546
TESTING……………………………………. 547
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 548
Throttle Position (TP) Sensor………………. 550
OPERATION………………………………. 550
TESTING……………………………………. 551
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 552
Camshaft Position (CMP) Sensor…………. 553
OPERATION………………………………. 553
TESTING……………………………………. 555
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 556
Crankshaft Position (CKP) Sensor……….. 561
OPERATION………………………………. 561
TESTING……………………………………. 561
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 562
Vehicle Speed Sensor(VSS)………………… 565
OPERATION………………………………. 566
TESTING……………………………………. 566
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 566

vii
COMPONENT LOCATIONS………………………. 567

TROUBLE CODES……………………………………… 581
General Description……………………………. 581
FAILURE MODE EFFECTS MANAGEMENT (FMEM)………………………………………………… 582
HARDWARE LIMITED OPERATION STRATEGY (HLOS)………………………………………….. 582
MALFUNCTION INDICATOR LAMP (MIL)………………………………………………………………… 582
Diagnostic Connector………………………….. 582
Reading Codes…………………………………… 583
EEC−V EQUIPPED ENGINES……… 584
EEC−IV EQUIPPED ENGINES……. 584
Clearing Codes…………………………………… 586
CONTINUOUS MEMORY CODES. 586
KEEP ALIVE MEMORY……………… 586
Diagnostic Trouble Code Charts…………… 586

VACUUM DIAGRAMS……………………………….. 597

SPECIFICATION CHARTS………………………… 599

BASIC FUEL SYSTEM DIAGNOSIS…………… 601

FUEL LINES AND FITTINGS…………………….. 603
General Information……………………………. 603
Hairpin Clip Fitting…………………………….. 603
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 603
Duckbill Clip Fitting…………………………… 605
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 605
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 607

SEQUENTIAL FUEL INJECTION (SFI) SYSTEM……………………………………………………………………… 609
General Information……………………………. 609
FUEL SYSTEM SERVICE PRECAUTIONS………………………………………………………………….. 610
Relieving Fuel System Pressure…………… 610
Inertia Switch…………………………………….. 611
GENERAL INFORMATION………… 611
RESETTING THE SWITCH…………. 611
Fuel Pump…………………………………………. 613
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 613
TESTING……………………………………. 617
Throttle Body Assembly……………………… 620
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 620
Fuel Supply Manifold and Injectors……… 625
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 626
TESTING……………………………………. 632
Fuel Pressure Regulator………………………. 633
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 633
Pressure Relief Valve………………………….. 640
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 640
viii
FUEL TANK……………………………………………….. 641
Tank Assembly………………………………….. 641
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 641
Sending Unit……………………………………… 647
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 647

UNDERSTANDING AND TROUBLESHOOTING ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS…………………………….. 649
Basic Electrical Theory……………………….. 649
HOW DOES ELECTRICITY WORK: THE WATER ANALOGY……………………………………. 649
OHM’S LAW……………………………….. 650
Electrical Components………………………… 651
POWER SOURCE……………………….. 651
GROUND……………………………………. 651
PROTECTIVE DEVICES……………… 651
SWITCHES & RELAYS………………. 653
LOAD…………………………………………. 654
WIRING & HARNESSES…………….. 654
CONNECTORS…………………………… 655
Test Equipment………………………………….. 656
JUMPER WIRES…………………………. 656
TEST LIGHTS…………………………….. 657
MULTIMETERS………………………….. 658
Troubleshooting Electrical Systems……… 659
Testing……………………………………………… 659
OPEN CIRCUITS………………………… 659
SHORT CIRCUITS………………………. 660
VOLTAGE………………………………….. 660
VOLTAGE DROP……………………….. 661
RESISTANCE……………………………… 661
Wire and Connector Repair…………………. 663

BATTERY CABLES……………………………………. 665

AIR BAG (SUPPLEMENTAL RESTRAINT) SYSTEM……………………………………………………………….. 667
SERVICE PRECAUTIONS………………… 668
DISARMING THE SYSTEM………… 668
ARMING THE SYSTEM……………… 668

HEATING AND AIR CONDITIONING……….. 669
Blower Motor…………………………………….. 669
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 669
Blower Motor Resistor………………………… 672
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 672
Heater Core……………………………………….. 672
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 672
Control Head……………………………………… 677
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 678
Control Cables…………………………………… 681
ADJUSTMENT……………………………. 681
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 681
Air Conditioning Components……………… 683
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 683

ix
CRUISE CONTROL……………………………………. 685
Vacuum Controlled Systems……………….. 685
Electronic Systems……………………………… 685

ENTERTAINMENT SYSTEMS…………………… 687
Radio Receiver/Tape Player………………… 687
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 687
Speakers……………………………………………. 689
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 689

WINDSHIELD WIPERS……………………………… 693
Wiper Arm And Blade………………………… 693
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 693
Windshield Wiper Motor…………………….. 695
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 695
Windshield Washer Motor…………………… 701
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 701

INSTRUMENTS AND SWITCHES……………… 705
Instrument Cluster………………………………. 705
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 705
Fuel, Oil Pressure, Voltage and Coolant Temperature Gauges…………………………………………………. 709
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 709
Rear Wiper Switch……………………………… 711
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 711
Headlight Switch………………………………… 711
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 712
Back−up Light Switch………………………… 713
Manual Transmissions…………………… 713

LIGHTING………………………………………………….. 717
Headlights…………………………………………. 717
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 717
AIMING THE HEADLIGHTS………. 721
Signal and Marker Lights…………………….. 723
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 723
Fog/Driving Lights…………………………….. 734
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 734

TRAILER WIRING…………………………………….. 739

CIRCUIT PROTECTION……………………………. 741
Fuses………………………………………………… 741
REPLACEMENT…………………………. 748
Fusible Links……………………………………… 750
Circuit Breakers…………………………………. 750
REPLACEMENT…………………………. 750
Turn Signal and Hazard Flasher Locations…………………………………………………………………………….. 751

WIRING DIAGRAMS…………………………………. 753

x
MANUAL TRANSMISSION………………………… 755
Understanding the Manual Transmission. 755
Identification……………………………………… 755
Adjustments………………………………………. 755
SHIFTER & LINKAGE ADJUSTMENTS……………………………………………………………………… 756
Shift Handle………………………………………. 756
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 756
Neutral Sensing Switch……………………….. 757
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 758
Extension Housing Seal………………………. 759
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 759
Transmission……………………………………… 760
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 760

CLUTCH…………………………………………………….. 763
Understanding the Clutch……………………. 763
Clutch Interlock Switch………………………. 764
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 764
Master Cylinder and Reservoir…………….. 764
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 765
Slave Cylinder……………………………………. 766
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 766
BLEEDING THE SYSTEM………….. 768
Driven Disc and Pressure Plate…………….. 768
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 768

AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION…………………. 775
Understanding the Automatic Transmission…………………………………………………………………………… 775
Identification……………………………………… 775
Neutral Start Switch/Back−up Switch…… 775
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 775
ADJUSTMENT……………………………. 779
Vacuum Diaphragm……………………………. 779
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 779
Extension Housing Seal………………………. 780
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 780
Transmission Assembly………………………. 782
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 782
ADJUSTMENTS………………………….. 788
KICKDOWN CABLE…………………… 791

TRANSFER CASE………………………………………. 793
Identification……………………………………… 793
Rear Output Shaft Seal………………………… 794
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 794
Front Output Shaft Seal………………………. 795
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 795
Transfer Case Assembly……………………… 797
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 797
ADJUSTMENTS………………………….. 799

xi
DRIVELINE………………………………………………… 801
General Description……………………………. 801
Single Cardan Type Front Driveshaft……. 801
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 801
DUST SLINGER/BOOT REPLACEMENT…………………………………………………………………….. 803
Double Cardan Type Front and Rear Driveshaft…………………………………………………………………….. 803
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 803
DISASSEMBLY & ASSEMBLY…… 804
Single Cardan Type Rear Driveshaft…….. 806
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 806
DISASSEMBLY & ASSEMBLY…… 809
Constant Velocity (CV) Type Rear Driveshaft……………………………………………………………………….. 810
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 811
DISASSEMBLY & ASSEMBLY…… 811
Center Bearing…………………………………… 814
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 814

FRONT DRIVE AXLE…………………………………. 817
General Information……………………………. 817
Manual Locking Hubs…………………………. 817
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 817
Automatic Locking Hubs…………………….. 819
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 819
Vacuum Disconnect Axle Lock……………. 821
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 821
Spindles and Spindle Bearings…………….. 823
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 823
Axle Shafts and Seals………………………….. 824
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 824
Axle Housing…………………………………….. 830
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 830

REAR AXLE……………………………………………….. 837
Determining Axle Ratio………………………. 837
Axle Shaft, Bearing and Seal……………….. 837
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 837
Pinion Oil Seal…………………………………… 843
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 843
Axle Housing…………………………………….. 846
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 846

WHEELS…………………………………………………….. 849
Front Wheels……………………………………… 849
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 849
INSPECTION………………………………. 850
Front Wheel Lug Studs……………………….. 850
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 850
INSPECTION………………………………. 852
Rear Wheel Lug Studs………………………… 852
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 852

xii
2−WHEEL DRIVE FRONT SUSPENSION….. 855
Introduction……………………………………….. 855
Coil Springs………………………………………. 856
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 856
Torsion Bars………………………………………. 858
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 858
RIDE HEIGHT ADJUSTMENT…….. 860
Shock Absorbers………………………………… 861
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 861
TESTING……………………………………. 864
Ball Joints…………………………………………. 865
INSPECTION………………………………. 865
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 866
Knuckle and Spindle…………………………… 868
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 868
Radius Arm……………………………………….. 871
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 871
Stabilizer Bar…………………………………….. 873
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 873
I−Beam Axle……………………………………… 876
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 876
Upper Control Arm…………………………….. 877
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 877
Lower Control Arm…………………………….. 879
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 879
Front Wheel Bearings…………………………. 881
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 881
ADJUSTMENT……………………………. 886
Wheel Alignment……………………………….. 887
CASTER……………………………………… 887
CAMBER……………………………………. 888
TOE……………………………………………. 888

4−WHEEL DRIVE FRONT SUSPENSION….. 891
Introduction……………………………………….. 891
Coil Springs………………………………………. 893
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 893
Torsion Bars………………………………………. 894
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 894
RIDE HEIGHT ADJUSTMENT…….. 896
Shock Absorbers………………………………… 897
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 897
TESTING……………………………………. 903
Ball Joints…………………………………………. 903
INSPECTION………………………………. 903
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 904
Steering Knuckle………………………………… 905
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 905
Radius Arm……………………………………….. 907
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 907
Stabilizer Bar…………………………………….. 908
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 908

xiii
4−WHEEL DRIVE FRONT SUSPENSION
I−Beam Axle……………………………………… 910
Upper Control Arm…………………………….. 910
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 910
Lower Control Arm…………………………….. 912
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 912
Front Wheel Bearings…………………………. 914
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 914
ADJUSTMENT……………………………. 925
Wheel Alignment……………………………….. 927

REAR SUSPENSION…………………………………… 929
Introduction……………………………………….. 929
Leaf Springs………………………………………. 930
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 930
Shock Absorbers………………………………… 932
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 932
TESTING……………………………………. 936
Stabilizer Bar…………………………………….. 937
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 937

STEERING………………………………………………….. 939
Steering Wheel…………………………………… 939
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 939
Combination Switch…………………………… 945
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 945
Ignition Switch…………………………………… 946
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 946
Ignition Lock Cylinder Assembly…………. 947
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 947
Steering Column………………………………… 948
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 948
Steering Linkage………………………………… 950
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 951
Manual Steering Gear…………………………. 956
ADJUSTMENTS………………………….. 957
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 958
Power Steering Gear…………………………… 959
ADJUSTMENTS………………………….. 959
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 959
Power Rack and Pinion Steering Gear…… 961
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 961
Power SteeringPump…………………………… 963
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 963
BLEEDING…………………………………. 966
QUICK−CONNECT PRESSURE LINE…………………………………………………………………………. 966

SPECIFICATION CHARTS………………………… 969

BRAKE OPERATING SYSTEM………………….. 971
Basic Operating Principles…………………… 971
DISC BRAKES……………………………. 972

xiv
BRAKE OPERATING SYSTEM
DRUM BRAKES…………………………. 973
Brake Light Switch…………………………….. 973
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 973
Master Cylinder…………………………………. 974
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 974
Power Booster……………………………………. 978
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 978
Brake Hoses and Lines………………………… 983
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 983
Bleeding The Brakes…………………………… 985

FRONT DISC BRAKES……………………………….. 989
Introduction……………………………………….. 989
Brake Pads………………………………………… 990
INSPECTION………………………………. 990
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…… 990
Calipers…………………………………………… 1005
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…. 1006
OVERHAUL……………………………… 1008
Brake Rotor (Disc)……………………………. 1012
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…. 1012
INSPECTION…………………………….. 1012

REAR DRUM BRAKES…………………………….. 1015
Introduction……………………………………… 1015
Brake Drums……………………………………. 1017
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…. 1017
INSPECTION…………………………….. 1018
Brake Shoes…………………………………….. 1019
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…. 1019
ADJUSTMENTS………………………… 1029
Wheel Cylinders……………………………….. 1032
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…. 1032
OVERHAUL……………………………… 1033

REAR DISC BRAKES……………………………….. 1039
General Information………………………….. 1039
Brake Pads………………………………………. 1039
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…. 1039
INSPECTION…………………………….. 1041
Brake Caliper…………………………………… 1041
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…. 1041
OVERHAUL……………………………… 1042
Brake Disc……………………………………….. 1042
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…. 1042
INSPECTION…………………………….. 1042

REAR ANTI−LOCK BRAKE SYSTEM (RABS)………………………………………………………………………… 1043
Component Location…………………………. 1043
System Self−Test……………………………… 1044
Computer (RABS) Module………………… 1045

xv
REAR ANTI−LOCK BRAKE SYSTEM (RABS)
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…. 1045
RABS Valve……………………………………. 1045
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…. 1045
RABS Sensor…………………………………… 1045
TESTING………………………………….. 1046
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…. 1046
Exciter Ring…………………………………….. 1047

PARKING BRAKE……………………………………. 1049
Cable………………………………………………. 1049
ADJUSTMENT………………………….. 1049
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…. 1053
Brake Shoes…………………………………….. 1059
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…. 1059
ADJUSTMENT………………………….. 1060

4−WHEEL ANTI−LOCK BRAKE SYSTEM (4WABS)………………………………………………………………. 1063
Introduction……………………………………… 1063
System Self−Test……………………………… 1063
Hydraulic Control Unit (HCU)…………… 1064
PUMP TESTING……………………….. 1064
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…. 1065
Electronic Control Unit……………………… 1065
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…. 1065
Front Wheel Speed Sensor…………………. 1066
TESTING………………………………….. 1066
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…. 1066
Rear Speed Sensor……………………………. 1066
TESTING………………………………….. 1066
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…. 1066
Front Speed Sensor Ring…………………… 1067
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…. 1068
Rear Speed Sensor Ring…………………….. 1068
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…. 1068

SPECIFICATION CHARTS………………………. 1069

EXTERIOR……………………………………………….. 1071
Doors………………………………………………. 1071
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…. 1071
ADJUSTMENT………………………….. 1074
Hood……………………………………………….. 1075
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…. 1075
ALIGNMENT……………………………. 1077
Liftgate……………………………………………. 1077
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…. 1077
ALIGNMENT……………………………. 1081
Tailgate…………………………………………… 1083
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…. 1083
Front and Rear Bumpers……………………. 1085
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…. 1085

xvi
EXTERIOR
Grille………………………………………………. 1088
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…. 1089
Outside Mirrors………………………………… 1090
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…. 1090
Antenna…………………………………………… 1092
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…. 1092
Fenders……………………………………………. 1094
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…. 1094
Pickup Truck Bed…………………………….. 1096
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…. 1096
Chassis and Cab Mount Bushings………. 1097
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…. 1097
Spare Tire Carrier…………………………….. 1101
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…. 1101

INTERIOR………………………………………………… 1103
Door Panels……………………………………… 1103
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…. 1103
Interior Trim Panels………………………….. 1109
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…. 1109
Instrument Panel………………………………. 1114
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…. 1114
Center Console…………………………………. 1117
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…. 1117
Headliner…………………………………………. 1119
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…. 1119
Door Locks………………………………………. 1121
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…. 1121
Door Glass and Regulator………………….. 1123
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…. 1124
Electric Window Motor…………………….. 1128
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…. 1128
Windshield and Fixed Glass………………. 1129
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…. 1129
WINDSHIELD CHIP REPAIR…….. 1130
Inside Rear View Mirror……………………. 1131
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…. 1131
Seats……………………………………………….. 1131
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…. 1132
Seat Belt Systems……………………………… 1135
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION…. 1135

SPECIFICATION CHARTS………………………. 1141

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1 Comment

  1. I want to kobelco shop manueal

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