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The C++ Standard Library A Tutorial and Reference.pdf

In the beginning, I only planned to write a small German book (400 pages or so) about the C++ standard library. That was in 1993. Now, in 1999 you see the result — an English book with more than 800 pages of facts, figures, and examples. My goal is to describe the C++ standard library so that all (or almost all) your programming questions are answered before you think of the question. Note, however, that this is not a complete description of all aspects of the C++ standard library. Instead, I present the most important topics necessary for learning and programming in C++ by using its standard library. Each topic is described based on the general concepts; this discussion then leads to the specific details needed to support every-day programming tasks. Specific code examples are provided to help you understand the concepts and the details. That’s it — in a nutshell. I hope you get as much pleasure from reading this book as I did from writing it. Enjoy!

Table of Contents
Preface
Acknowledgments

1. About this Book
1.1 Why this Book
1.2 What You Should Know Before Reading this Book
1.3 Style and Structure of the Book
1.4 How to Read this Book
1.5 State of the Art
1.6 Example Code and Additional Information
1.7 Feedback

2. Introduction to C++ and the Standard Library
2.1 History
2.2 New Language Features
2.3 Complexity and the Big-O Notation

3. General Concepts
3.1 Namespace std
3.2 Header Files
3.3 Error and Exception Handling
3.4 Allocators

4. Utilities
4.1 Pairs
4.1.1 Convenience Function make_pair()
4.1.2 Examples of Pair Usage
4.2 Class auto_ptr
4.3 Numeric Limits
4.4 Auxiliary Functions
4.5 Supplementary Comparison Operators
4.6 Header Files <cstddef> and <cstdlib>

5. The Standard Template Library
5.1 STL Components
5.2 Containers
5.3 Iterators
5.4 Algorithms
5.5 Iterator Adapters
5.6 Manipulating Algorithms
5.7 User-Defined Generic Functions
5.8 Functions as Algorithm Arguments
5.9 Function Objects
5.10 Container Elements
5.11 Errors and Exceptions Inside the STL
5.12 Extending the STL

6. STL Containers
6.1 Common Container Abilities and Operations
6.2 Vectors
6.3 Deques
6.4 Lists
6.5 Sets and Multisets
6.6 Maps and Multimaps
6.7 Other STL Containers
6.8 Implementing Reference Semantics
6.9 When to Use which Container
6.10 Container Types and Members in Detail

7. STL Iterators
7.1 Header Files for Iterators
7.2 Iterator Categories
7.3 Auxiliary Iterator Functions
7.4 Iterator Adapters
7.5 Iterator Traits

8. STL Function Objects
8.1 The Concept of Function Objects
8.2 Predefined Function Objects
8.3 Supplementary Composing Function Objects

9. STL Algorithms
9.1 Algorithm Header Files
9.2 Algorithm Overview
9.3 Auxiliary Functions
9.4 The for_each() Algorithm
9.5 Nonmodifying Algorithms
9.6 Modifying Algorithms
9.7 Removing Algorithms
9.8 Mutating Algorithms
9.9 Sorting Algorithms
9.10 Sorted Range Algorithms
9.11 Numeric Algorithms

10. Special Containers
10.1 Stacks
10.2 Queues
10.3 Priority Queues
10.4 Bitsets

11. Strings
11.1 Motivation
11.2 Description of the String Classes
11.3 String Class in Detail

12. Numerics
12.1 Complex Numbers
12.2 Valarrays
12.3 Global Numeric Functions

13. Input/Output Using Stream Classes
13. Input/Output Using Stream Classes
13.1 Common Background of I/O Streams
13.2 Fundamental Stream Classes and Objects
13.3 Standard Stream Operators << and >>
13.4 State of Streams
13.5 Standard Input/Output Functions
13.6 Manipulators
13.7 Formatting
13.8 Internationalization
13.9 File Access
13.10 Connecting Input and Output Streams
13.11 Stream Classes for Strings
13.12 Input/Output Operators for User-Defined Types
13.13 The Stream Buffer Classes
13.14 Performance Issues

14. Internationalization
14.1 Different Character Encodings
14.2 The Concept of Locales
14.3 Locales in Detail
14.4 Facets in Detail

15. Allocators
15.1 Using Allocators as an Application Programmer
15.2 Using Allocators as a Library Programmer
15.3 The Default Allocator
15.4 A User-Defined Allocator
15.5 Allocators in Detail
15.6 Utilities for Uninitialized Memory in Detail

Internet Resources
Where You Can Get the Standard
Internet Addresses/URLs
Bibliography

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